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D E F I B R I L L AT O R S
AUTOMATED EXTERNAL DEFIBRILLATORS
TECHNICAL REFERENCE MANUAL
In 1992, Heartstream, Inc. was founded with the mission to develop a small, low-cost,
rugged, reliable, safe, easy-to-use, and maintenance-free automated external defibrillator
(AED) that could be successfully used by a layperson responding to sudden cardiac arrest.
Heartstream introduced its first AED, the ForeRunner, in 1996. The Heartstream ForeRunner
AED marked the first widespread commercial use of a biphasic waveform in an external
Hewlett-Packard (HP) purchased Heartstream in 1997. Heartstream then added a relabeled
version of the ForeRunner for Laerdal Medical Corporation called the Heartstart FR.
In 1999, Hewlett-Packard spun off the Medical Products Group, including the |