Text preview for : gi.pdf part of NISSAN ALTIMA 2000 NISSAN ALTIMA 2000 (L30 SERIES) MANUAL SERVICE PART 5 & 6.
Back to : NISSAN ALTIMA 2000.part06 | HomeGENERAL INFORMATIONSECTIONGIGI MA EM LC ECCONTENTSPRECAUTIONS AND PREPARATION....................... 2 Precautions For Supplemental Restraint System (SRS) ``Air Bag'' And ``Seat Belt Pre-Tensioner''.................................................... 2 Precautions For Nvis (Nissan Vehicle Immobilizer System -- Nats).............................. 2 General Precautions ............................................... 4 Precautions for Multiport Fuel Injection System or Engine Control System....................................... 6 Precautions for Three Way Catalyst....................... 6 Precautions For Hoses ....................................... 6 Hose Clamping ................................................... 7 Precautions for Engine Oils .................................... 7 Precautions for Fuel................................................ 8 Precautions for Air Conditioning ............................. 8 HOW TO USE THIS MANUAL................................... 9 HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS..................... 11 Sample/Wiring Diagram EXAMPL .................. 11 Description ............................................................ 13 Reference Area................................................. 18 HOW TO CHECK TERMINAL.................................. 20 Connector and Terminal Pin Kit............................ 20 How to Probe Connectors .................................... 20 How to Check Enlarged Contact Spring of Terminal................................................................. 21 Waterproof Connector Inspection ......................... 22 Terminal Lock Inspection ...................................... 22 HOW TO PERFORM EFFICIENT DIAGNOSIS FOR AN ELECTRICAL INCIDENT........................... 23 Work Flow ............................................................. 23 Incident Simulation Tests ...................................... 24 Circuit Inspection .................................................. 26 HOW TO FOLLOW FLOW CHART IN TROUBLE DIAGNOSES .......................................... 33 How To Follow This Flow Chart............................ 34 CONSULT-II CHECKING SYSTEM .......................... 36 Function and System Application ......................... 36 Nickel Metal Hydride Battery Replacement.......... 36 Checking Equipment............................................. 37 CONSULT-II Data Link Connector (DLC) Circuit .................................................................... 38 IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION............................ 39 Model Variation ..................................................... 39 Identification Number ............................................ 40 Dimensions ........................................................... 42 Wheels and Tires .................................................. 42 LIFTING POINTS AND TOW TRUCK TOWING...... 43 Preparation............................................................ 43 Board-on Lift ......................................................... 44 Garage Jack and Safety Stand ............................ 44 2-pole Lift .............................................................. 45 Tow Truck Towing ................................................. 45 TIGHTENING TORQUE OF STANDARD BOLTS ... 48 SAE J1930 TERMINOLOGY LIST ........................... 49FE CL MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXPRECAUTIONS AND PREPARATIONObserve the following precautions to ensure safe and proper servicing.PRECAUTIONS FOR SUPPLEMENTAL RESTRAINT SYSTEM (SRS) ``AIR BAG'' AND ``SEAT BELT PRETENSIONER''The Supplemental Restraint System such as ``AIR BAG'' and ``SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER'' used along with a seat belt, helps to reduce the risk or severity of injury to the driver and front passenger for certain types of collision. The SRS system composition which is available to NISSAN MODEL L30 is as follows (The composition varies according to optional equipment.): q For a frontal collision The Supplemental Restraint System consists of driver air bag module (located in the center of the steering wheel), front passenger air bag module (located on the instrument panel on passenger side), seat belt pre-tensioners, a diagnosis sensor unit, warning lamp, wiring harness and spiral cable. q For a side collision The Supplemental Restraint System consists of front side air bag module (located in the outer side of front seat), satellite sensor, diagnosis sensor unit (one of components of air bags for a frontal collision), wiring harness, warning lamp (one of components of air bags for a frontal collision). Information necessary to service the system safely is included in the RS section of this Service Manual. WARNING: q To avoid rendering the SRS inoperative, which could increase the risk of personal injury or death in the event of a collision which would result in air bag inflation, all maintenance should be performed by an authorized NISSAN dealer. q Improper maintenance, including incorrect removal and installation of the SRS, can lead to personal injury caused by intentional activation of the system. For removal of Spiral Cable and Air Bag Module, see the RS section. q Do not use electrical test equipment on any circuit related to the SRS unless instructed to in this Service Manual. Spiral cable and wiring harnesses (except ``SEAT BELT PRE-TENSIONER'') covered with yellow insulation either just before the harness connectors or for the complete harness are related to the SRS.SGI646PRECAUTIONS FOR NVIS (NISSAN VEHICLE IMMOBILIZER SYSTEM -- NATS)NVIS (NATS) will immobilize the engine if someone tries to start it without the registered key of NVIS (NATS).GI-2PRECAUTIONS AND PREPARATION (Cont'd)Both of the originally supplied ignition key IDs have been NVIS (NATS) registered. The security indicator is located on the instrument panel. The indicator blinks when the ignition switch is in ``OFF'' or ``ACC'' position. Therefore, NVIS (NATS) warns outsiders that the vehicle is equipped with the anti-theft system. q When NVIS (NATS) detects trouble, the security indicator lamp lights up while igntion switch is in ``On'' position. This lighting up indicates that the anti-theft is not functioning, so prompt service is required. q When servicing NVIS (NATS) (trouble diagnoses, system initialization and additional registration of other NVIS (NATS) ignition key IDs), CONSULT-II hardware and CONSULT-II NVIS (NATS) software is necessary. Regarding the procedures of NVIS (NATS) initialization and NVIS (NATS) ignition key ID registration, refer to CONSULT-II operation manual, IVIS/NVIS (NATS). Therefore, CONSULT-II NVIS (NATS) software (program card and operation manual) must be kept strictly confidential to maintain the integrity of the anti-theft function. q When servicing NVIS (NATS) (trouble diagnoses, system initialization and additional registration of other NVIS (NATS) ignition key IDs), it may be necessary to re-register original key identification. Therefore, be sure to receive all keys from vehicle owner. A maximum of five key IDs can be registered into NVIS (NATS). q When failing to start the engine first time using the key of NVIS (NATS), start as follows. a) Leave the ignition key in ``ON'' position for approximately 5 seconds. b) Turn ignition key to ``OFF'' or ``LOCK'' position and wait approximately 5 seconds. c) Repeat step 1 and 2 again. d) Restart the engine while keeping the key separate from any others on key-chain.GI MA EM LC EC FE CL MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXGI-3PRECAUTIONS AND PREPARATION General PrecautionsqDo not operate the engine for an extended period of time without proper exhaust ventilation. Keep the work area well ventilated and free of any inflammable materials. Special care should be taken when handling any inflammable or poisonous materials, such as gasoline, refrigerant gas, etc. When working in a pit or other enclosed area, be sure to properly ventilate the area before working with hazardous materials. Do not smoke while working on the vehicle. Before jacking up the vehicle, apply wheel chocks or other tire blocks to the wheels to prevent the vehicle from moving. After jacking up the vehicle, support the vehicle weight with safety stands at the points designated for proper lifting before working on the vehicle. These operations should be done on a level surface. When removing a heavy component such as the engine or transaxle, be careful not to lose your balance and drop them. Also, do not allow them to strike adjacent parts, especially the brake tubes and master cylinder. Before starting repairs which do not require battery power: Turn off ignition switch. Disconnect the negative battery terminal.SGI285 qqSGI231 qSEF289H qTo prevent serious burns: Avoid contact with hot metal parts. Do not remove the radiator cap when the engine is hot.SGI233 qBefore servicing the vehicle: Protect fenders, upholstery and carpeting with appropriate covers. Take caution that keys, buckles or buttons do not scratch paint.SGI234GI-4PRECAUTIONS AND PREPARATION General Precautions (Cont'd)Clean all disassembled parts in the designated liquid or solvent prior to inspection or assembly. q Replace oil seals, gaskets, packings, O-rings, locking washers, cotter pins and self-locking nuts, etc. with new ones. q Replace inner and outer races of tapered roller bearings and needle bearings as a set. q Arrange the disassembled parts in sequence with their assembled locations. q Do not touch the terminals of electrical components which use microcomputers (such as ECM). Static electricity may damage internal electronic components. q After disconnecting vacuum or air hoses, attach a tag to indicate the proper connection. q Use only the fluids and lubricants specified in this manual. q Use approved bonding agent, sealants or their equivalents when required. q Use tools and recommended special tools where specified for safe and efficient service repairs. q When repairing the fuel, oil, water, vacuum or exhaust systems, check all affected lines for leaks. q Dispose of drained oil or the solvent used for cleaning parts in an appropriate manner. q Do not attempt to top off the fuel tank after the fuel pump nozzle shuts off automatically. Continued refueling may cause fuel overflow, resulting in fuel spray and possibly a fire. WARNING: To prevent ECM from storing the diagnostic trouble codes, do not carelessly disconnect the harness connectors which are related to the engine control system and TCM (Transmission Control Module) system. The connectors should be disconnected only when working according to the WORK FLOW of TROUBLE DIAGNOSES in EC and AT sections.qGI MA EM LC EC FE CL MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXGI-5PRECAUTIONS AND PREPARATION Precautions for Multiport Fuel Injection System or Engine Control Systemqq qAGI011Before connecting or disconnecting any harness connector for the multiport fuel injection system or ECM: Turn ignition switch to OFF position. Disconnect negative battery terminal, otherwise, there may be damage to ECM. Before disconnecting pressurized fuel line from fuel pump to injectors, be sure to release fuel pressure. Be careful not to jar components such as ECM and mass air flow sensor.Precautions for Three Way CatalystIf a large amount of unburned fuel flows into the catalyst, the catalyst temperature will be excessively high. To prevent this, follow the instructions below: q Use unleaded gasoline only. Leaded gasoline will seriously damage the three way catalyst. q When checking for ignition spark or measuring engine compression, make tests quickly and only when necessary. q Do not run engine when the fuel tank level is low, otherwise the engine may misfire causing damage to the catalyst. Do not place the vehicle on inflammable material. Keep inflammable material off the exhaust pipe and the three way catalyst.PRECAUTIONS FOR HOSES Hose Removal and InstallationqTo prevent damage to rubber hose, do not pry off rubber hose with tapered tool or screwdriver.SMA019D qTo reinstall the rubber hose securely, make sure of hose insertion length and clamp orientation. (If tube is equipped with hose stopper, insert rubber hose into tube until it butts up against hose stopper.)SMA020DGI-6PRECAUTIONS AND PREPARATION Precautions for Three Way Catalyst (Cont'd)Hose ClampingqqIf old rubber hose is re-used, install hose clamp in its original position (at the indentation where the old clamp was). If GI there is a trace of tube bulging left on the old rubber hose, align rubber hose at that position. Discard old clamps; replace with new ones. MAEMSMA021D qAfter installing leaf spring clamps, apply force to them in the LC direction of the arrow, tightening rubber hose equally all around.EC FE CLSMA022DPrecautions for Engine OilsMTProlonged and repeated contact with used engine oil may cause AT skin cancer. Try to avoid direct skin contact with used oil. If skin contact is made, wash thoroughly with soap or hand cleaner as soon as possible.FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXHEALTH PROTECTION PRECAUTIONSq q q q q q q qqAvoid prolonged and repeated contact with oils, particularly used engine oils. Wear protective clothing, including oil resistant gloves when practicable. Do not put oily rags in pockets. Avoid contaminating clothes, particularly underclothing, with oil. Heavily soiled clothing and oil-impregnated footwear should not be worn. Overalls must be cleaned regularly. First aid treatment should be obtained immediately for open cuts and wounds. Use barrier creams, applying them before each work period, to help the removal of oil from the skin. Wash with soap and water to ensure all oil is removed (skin cleansers and nail brushes will help). Preparations containing lanolin replace the natural skin oils which have been removed. Do not use gasoline, kerosene, diesel fuel, gas oil, thinners or solvents for cleaning skin.GI-7PRECAUTIONS AND PREPARATION Precautions for Engine Oils (Cont'd)skin disorders develop, obtain medical advice without delay. practicable, degrease components prior to handling. qWhere there is a risk of eye contact, eye protection should be worn, for example, chemical goggles or face shields; in addition, an eye wash facility should be provided.qWhere qIfENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION PRECAUTIONSBurning used engine oil in small space heaters or boilers can be recommended only for units of approved design. The heating system must meet the requirements of HM Inspectorate of Pollution for small burners of less than 0.4 MW. If in doubt, check with the appropriate local authority and/or manufacturer of the approved appliance. Dispose of used oil and used oil filters through authorized waste disposal contractors to licensed waste disposal sites, or to the waste oil reclamation trade. If in doubt, contact the local authority for advice on disposal facilities. It is illegal to pour used oil on the ground, down sewers, drains, or into water courses. The regulations concerning pollution vary from country to country.Precautions for FuelUse unleaded gasoline with an octane rating of at least 87 AKI (Anti-Knock Index) number (research octane number 91). CAUTION: Do not use leaded gasoline. Using leaded gasoline will damage the three way catalyst. Using a fuel other than that specified could adversely affect the emission control devices and systems, and could also affect warranty coverage validity.Precautions for Air ConditioningUse an approved refrigerant recovery unit anytime the air conditioner system must be discharged. Refer to HA-62 section (``HFC-134a (R-134a) Service Procedure'', ``SERVICE PROCEDURES'') for specific instructions.GI-8HOW TO USE THIS MANUALq q q q q qAN ALPHABETICAL INDEX is provided at the end of this manual so that you can rapidly find the item and page you are searching for. A QUICK REFERENCE INDEX, a black tab (e.g., ) is provided on the first page. You can quickly find the first page of each section by matching it to the section's black tabs. THE CONTENTS are listed on the first page of each section. THE TITLE is indicated on the upper portion of each page and shows the part or system. THE PAGE NUMBER of each section consists of two letters designating the particular section combined with a number (e.g., ``BR-5''). THE LARGE ILLUSTRATIONS are exploded views (see example below). These contain tightening torques, lubrication points, section number of the PARTS CATALOG (e.g., SEC. 440) and other information necessary to perform repairs. The illustrations should be used in reference to service matters only. When ordering parts, refer to the appropriate PARTS CATALOG.GI MA EM LC EC FE CL MT AT FA RA BR STSBR364AC qRSTHE SMALL ILLUSTRATIONS show items not shown in the previous large illustrations. These include important steps such as inspection points, use of special tools, hidden fasteners and special BT or unique procedures. A step-by-step format for assembly, inspection and adjustment is presented for complicated units such as the automatic transaxle.HA EL IDXGI-9HOW TO USE THIS MANUALqThe following SYMBOLS AND ABBREVIATIONS are used: , : : Tightening torque Should be lubricated with grease. Unless otherwise indicated, use recommended multi-purpose grease. Should be lubricated with oil. Sealing point Checking point Always replace after every disassembly. Apply petroleum jelly. Apply ATF. Service Data and Specifications Left-Hand, Right-Hand Front, Rear Manual Transaxle/Transmission A/T A/C P/S Tool SAE ATF D1 D2 D3 D4 OD 22 21 12 11 : : : : : : : : : : : : : : : Automatic Transaxle/Transmission Air Conditioner Power Steering Special Service Tools Society of Automotive Engineers, Inc. Automatic Transmission Fluid Drive range 1st gear Drive range 2nd gear Drive range 3rd gear Drive range 4th gear Overdrive 2nd range 2nd gear 2nd range 1st gear 1st range 2nd gear 1st range 1st gear: : : :PSDS LH, RH FR, RR M/Tq: : : : : :q q qThe UNITS given in this manual are primarily expressed as the SI UNIT (International System of Unit), and alternatively expressed in the metric system and in the yard/pound system. ``Example'' Tightening torque: 59 - 78 N m (6.0 - 8.0 kg-m, 43 - 58 ft-lb) TROUBLE DIAGNOSES are included in sections dealing with complicated components. SERVICE DATA AND SPECIFICATIONS are contained at the end of each section for quick reference of data. The captions WARNING and CAUTION warn you of steps that must be followed to prevent personal injury and/or damage to some part of the vehicle. WARNING indicates the possibility of personal injury if instructions are not followed. CAUTION indicates the possibility of component damage if instructions are not followed. BOLD TYPED STATEMENTS except WARNING and CAUTION give you helpful information.GI-10HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS Sample/Wiring Diagram EXAMPL qFor Description, refer to GI-13.GI MA EM LC EC FE CL MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXSGI091AGI-11HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS Sample/Wiring Diagram EXAMPL (Cont'd)OPTIONAL SPLICESGI942GI-12HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS DescriptionNumber1Item Power conditionqDescription This shows the condition when the system receives battery positive voltage (can be operated). The double line shows that this is a fusible link. The open circle shows current flow in, and the shaded circle shows current flow out. This shows the location of the fusible link or fuse in the fusible link or fuse box. For arrangement, refer to EL-10 section (``POWER SUPPLY ROUTING''). The single line shows that this is a fuse. The open circle shows current flow in, and the shaded circle shows current flow out. This shows the current rating of the fusible link or fuse.GI MA EM LC EC FE CL MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXq2Fusible linkq3Fusible link/fuse locationqq4Fuse Current ratingq5q q6ConnectorsThis shows that connector E3 is female and connector M1 is male. q The G/R wire is located in the 1A terminal of both connectors. q Terminal number with an alphabet (1A, 5B, etc.) indicates that the connector is SMJ connector. Refer to GI-19.q q q q q7 8 9Optional splice Splice Page crossing Common connector Option abbreviation Relay ConnectorsThe open circle shows that the splice is optional depending on vehicle application. The shaded circle shows that the splice is always on the vehicle. This arrow shows that the circuit continues to an adjacent page. The A will match with the A on the preceding or next page. The dotted lines between terminals show that these terminals are part of the same connector. This shows that the circuit is optional depending on vehicle application. This shows an internal representation of the relay. For details, refer to EL-7 section (``STANDARDIZED RELAY''). This shows that the connector is connected to the body or a terminal with bolt or nut. This shows a code for the color of the wire. B = Black BR = Brown W = White OR = Orange R = Red P = Pink G = Green PU = Purple L = Blue GY = Gray Y = Yellow SB = Sky Blue LG = Light Green CH = Dark Brown DG = Dark Green When the wire color is striped, the base color is given first, followed by the stripe color as shown below: Example: L/W = Blue with White Stripe This shows a description of the option abbreviation used on the page. This shows that continuity exists between terminals 1 and 2 when the switch is in the A position. Continuity exists between terminals 1 and 3 when the switch is in the B position. Connector terminal in component shows that it is a harness incorporated assembly. This identifies each page of the wiring diagram by section, system and wiring diagram page number.10 11 12q qq13q14Wire color15Option description Switchq q1617Assembly parts Cell codeqq18q 19Current flow arrowArrow indicates electric current flow, especially where the direction of standard flow (vertically downward or horizontally from left to right) is difficult to follow. q A double arrow `` -- '' shows that current can flow in either direction depending on circuit operation.GI-13HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS Description (Cont'd)Number20Item System branchqDescription This shows that the system branches to another system identified by cell code (section and system). This arrow shows that the circuit continues to another page identified by cell code. The C will match with the C on another page within the system other than the next or preceding pages. The line enclosed by broken line circle shows shield wire. This shows that another part of the component is also shown on another page (indicated by wave line) within the system. This shows the name of a component. This shows the connector number. The letter shows which harness the connector is located in. Example: M: main harness. For detail and to locate the connector, refer to EL-271 section (``Main Harness'', ``HARNESS LAYOUT''). A coordinate grid is included for complex harnesses to aid in locating connectors. The line spliced and grounded under wire color shows that ground line is spliced at the grounded connector. This shows the ground connection. For detailed ground distribution information, refer to ``GROUND DISTRIBUTION'', in EL-20 section. This area shows the connector faces of the components in the wiring diagram on the page. Connectors enclosed in broken line show that these connectors belong to the same component. This shows a code for the color of the connector. For code meaning, refer to wire color codes, number 14 of this chart. This shows the arrangement of fusible link(s) and fuse(s), used for connector views of ``POWER SUPPLY ROUTING'' in EL-10 section. The open square shows current flow in, and the shaded square shows current flow out. This shows that more information on the Super Multiple Junction (SMJ) and Joint Connectors (J/C) exists. Refer to GI-19 for details.q 21Page crossing Shielded line Component box in wave line Component nameq22 23 24q qq q q25Connector number26Ground Ground Connector views Common component Connector colorqq27q28q29q30q 31Fuse and fusible link box32Reference areaqGI-14HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS Description (Cont'd)CONNECTOR SYMBOLSMost connector symbols in wiring diagrams are shown from the terminal side. GI q Connector symbols shown from the terminal side are enclosed by a single line and followed by the direction mark . MAqConnector symbols shown from the harness side are EM enclosed by a double line and followed by the direction . markLCqCertain systems and components, especially those related to OBD, may use a new style slide-locking type EC harness connector. For description and how to disconnect, refer to EL-5 section (``Description'', ``HARFE NESS CONNECTOR'').CLSGI364 q qConnector guides for male terminals are shown in black. Connector guides for female terminals are shown in white.MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BTSGI363HA EL IDXGI-15HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS Description (Cont'd)Harness indicationq qConnector numbers in a signal oval ( M33 ) indicate harness connectors. Letter designations next to test meter probes indicate harness (connector) wire colors. Connector numbers in a double oval ( F211 ) indicate component connectors.Component indicationqAGI070SWITCH POSITIONSSwitches are shown in wiring diagrams as if the vehicle is in the ``normal'' condition. A vehicle is in the ``normal'' condition when: q ignition switch is OFF, q doors, hood and trunk lid/back door are closed, q pedals are not depressed, and q parking brake is released.SGI860GI-16HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS Description (Cont'd)DETECTABLE LINES AND NON-DETECTABLE LINESIn some wiring diagrams, two kinds of lines with different thicknesses are used to represent wires. GI q A line with regular thickness (wider line) represents a ``detectable line for DTC (Diagnostic Trouble Code)''. A ``detectable line for DTC'' is a circuit in which ECM can MA detect malfunctions with the on board diagnostic system. q A line with less thickness (thinner line) represents a ``nondetectable line for DTC''. A ``non-detectable line for DTC'' is EM a circuit in which ECM cannot detect malfunctions with the on board diagnostic system.LC EC FE CLAGI086MULTIPLE SWITCHMTThe continuity of multiple switch is described in two ways as shown below. AT q The switch chart is used in schematic diagrams. q The switch diagram is used in wiring diagrams.FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXAGI033GI-17HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS Description (Cont'd)REFERENCE AREAThe Reference Area of the wiring diagram contains references to additional electrical reference pages at the end of the manual. If connector numbers and titles are shown in the Reference Area of the wiring diagram, these connector symbols are not shown in the Connector Area.SGI092AGI-18HOW TO READ WIRING DIAGRAMS Description (Cont'd)Super multiple junction (SMJ) In a wiring diagram, the SMJ connectors include a letter of the alphabet in the terminal number. SMJ connector numbers are shown in the Reference Area of the wiring diagram. SMJ terminal arrangement can be found on the electrical reference pages at the end of the manual. For terminal arrangement of these connectors, refer to the ``SUPER MULTIPLE JUNCTION (SMJ)'' electrical reference page at the end of the manual. Fuse block -- Junction box (J/B) Fuse block -- Junction box (J/B) connector number is shown in the Reference Area of the wiring diagram. For connector terminal and fuse arrangement, refer to the ``FUSE BLOCK -- Junction Box (J/B)'' electrical reference page at the end of the manual. Fuse and fusible link box For fuse arrangement in the fuse and fusible link box, refer to the ``FUSE AND FUSIBLE LINK BOX'' electrical reference page at the end of the manual. Electrical units Electrical unit connector symbols are shown in the Connector Area of the wiring diagram. However, when there is not enough space to show the connector terminal arrangement in the Connector Area of the wiring diagram, the electrical unit connector number is shown in the Reference Area of the wiring diagram. For electrical unit connector terminal arrangement, refer to the ``ELECTRICAL UNITS'' electrical reference page at the end of the manual. Most of the electrical unit connectors on this page are shown from the harness side of the connector. Joint connector Joint connector symbols are shown in the connector area of the wiring diagram. For connector internal wiring layout and joint connector terminal arrangement, refer to the ``JOINT CONNECTOR (J/C)'' electrical reference page at the end of the manual.GI MA EM LC EC FE CL MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXGI-19HOW TO CHECK TERMINAL Connector and Terminal Pin KitUse the connector and terminal pin kit listed below when replacing connectors or terminals. The connector and terminal pin kit contains some of the most commonly used NISSAN connectors and terminals.Tool number (Kent-Moore No.) Tool name -- (J38751-95NI) Connector and terminal pin kit -- (J42992 - 98 KIT) OBD Terminal Repair Kit DescriptionAGI121How to Probe ConnectorsConnector damage and an intermittent connection can result from improperly probing of the connector during circuit checks. The probe of a digital multimeter (DMM) may not correctly fit the connector cavity. To correctly probe the connector, follow the procedures below using a ``T'' pin. For the best contact grasp the ``T'' pin using an alligator clip.PROBING FROM HARNESS SIDEStandard type (not waterproof type) connector should be probed from harness side with ``T'' pin. q If the connector has a rear cover such as a ECM connector, remove the rear cover before probing the terminal. q Do not probe waterproof connector from harness side. Damage to the seal between wire and connector may result.SGI841PROBING FROM TERMINAL SIDE Female terminalThere is a small notch above each female terminal. Probe each terminal with the ``T'' pin through the notch. Do not insert any object other than the same type male terminal into female terminal.qSEL265VGI-20HOW TO CHECK TERMINAL How to Probe Connectors (Cont'd)qSome connectors do not have a notch above each terminal. To probe each terminal, remove the connector retainer to make contact space for probing. GIMA EMSEL266VMale terminalLCCarefully probe the contact surface of each terminal using a ``T'' pin EC Do not bend terminal.FE CLSEL267VHow to Check Enlarged Contact Spring of TerminalMTAn enlarged contact spring of a terminal may create intermittent AT signals in the circuit. If the intermittent open circuit occurs, follow the procedure below to inspect for open wires and enlarged contact spring of FA female terminal.RA BR1. Assemble a male terminal and approx. 10 cm (3.9 in) of wire. Use a male terminal which matches the female terminal. ST 2. Disconnect the suspected faulty connector and hold it terminal side up.RS BTSEL270V3. While holding the wire of the male terminal, try to insert the male terminal into the female terminal. Do not force the male terminal into the female terminal with EL your hands.HAIDXSEL271VGI-21HOW TO CHECK TERMINAL How to Check Enlarged Contact Spring of Terminal (Cont'd)4. While moving the connector, check whether the male terminal can be easily inserted or not.SEL272V qIf the male terminal can be easily inserted into the female terminal, replace the female terminal.SEL273VWaterproof Connector InspectionIf water enters the connector, it can short interior circuits. This may lead to intermittent problems. Check the following items to maintain the original waterproof characteristics.RUBBER SEAL INSPECTIONqSEL275V qMost waterproof connectors are provided with a rubber seal between the male and female connectors. If the seal is missing, the waterproof performance may not meet specifications. The rubber seal may come off when connectors are disconnected. Whenever connectors are reconnected, make sure the rubber seal is properly installed on either side of male or female connector.WIRE SEAL INSPECTIONThe wire seal must be installed on the wire insertion area of a waterproof connector. Be sure that the seal is installed properly.Terminal Lock InspectionCheck for unlocked terminals by pulling wire at the end of connector. Unlocked terminal may create intermittent signals in the circuit.AGI074GI-22HOW TO PERFORM EFFICIENT DIAGNOSIS FOR AN ELECTRICAL INCIDENT Work FlowGI MA EM LC EC FE CLSGI838MTSTEP STEP 1 DESCRIPTION Get detailed information about the conditions and the environment when the incident occurred. The following are key pieces of information required to make a good analysis: WHAT WHEN WHERE HOW STEP 2 Vehicle Model, Engine, Transmission and the System (i.e., Radio). Date, Time of Day, Weather Conditions, Frequency. Road Conditions, Altitude and Traffic Situation. System Symptoms, Operating Conditions (Other Components Interaction). Service History and if any After Market Accessories have been installed.AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXOperate the system, road test if necessary. Verify the parameter of the incident. If the problem cannot be duplicated, refer to ``Incident Simulation Tests'' next page. Get the proper diagnosis materials together including: POWER SUPPLY ROUTING System Operation Descriptions Applicable Service Manual Sections Check For Any Service Bulletins Identify where to begin diagnosis based upon your knowledge of the system operation and the customer comments.STEP 3STEP 4Inspect the system for mechanical binding, loose connectors or wiring damage. Determine which circuits and components are involved and diagnose using the Power Supply Routing and Harness Layouts. Repair or replace the incident circuit or component. Operate and verify the system works properly under all conditions. Make sure you have not unintentionally created a new incident during your diagnosis or repair steps.STEP 5 STEP 6GI-23HOW TO PERFORM EFFICIENT DIAGNOSIS FOR AN ELECTRICAL INCIDENT Incident Simulation TestsINTRODUCTIONSometimes the symptom is not present when the vehicle is brought in for service. If possible, recreate the conditions present at the time of the incident. Doing so may help avoid a No Trouble Found Diagnosis. The following section illustrates ways to simulate the conditions/environment under which the owner experiences an electrical incident. The section is broken into the six following topics: q Vehicle vibration q Heat sensitive q Freezing q Water intrusion q Electrical load q Cold or hot start up Get a thorough description of the incident from the customer. It is important for simulating the conditions of the problem.VEHICLE VIBRATIONThe problem may occur or become worse while driving on a rough road or when the engine is vibrating (idle with A/C on). In such a case, you will want to check for a vibration-related condition. Refer to the illustration below.Connectors & harnessDetermine which connectors and wiring harness would affect the electrical system you are inspecting. Gently shake each connector and harness while monitoring the system for the incident you are trying to duplicate. This test may indicate a loose or poor electrical connection.HintConnectors can be exposed to moisture. It is possible to get a thin film of corrosion on the connector terminals. A visual inspection may not reveal this without disconnecting the connector. If the problem occurs intermittently, perhaps the problem is caused by corrosion. It is a good idea to disconnect, inspect and clean the terminals on related connectors in the system.Sensors & relaysGently apply a slight vibration to sensors and relays in the system you are inspecting. This test may indicate a loose or poorly mounted sensor or relay.SGI839GI-24HOW TO PERFORM EFFICIENT DIAGNOSIS FOR AN ELECTRICAL INCIDENT Incident Simulation Tests (Cont'd)Engine compartmentThere are several reasons a vehicle or engine vibration could cause an electrical complaint. Some of the things to check for GI are:q q q q qConnectors not fully seated. MA Wiring harness not long enough and is being stressed due to engine vibrations or rocking. Wires laying across brackets or moving components. EM Loose, dirty or corroded ground wires. Wires routed too close to hot components.LCTo inspect components under the hood, start by verifying the integrity of ground connections. Refer to GI-29. First check that the system is properly grounded. Then, check for loose connec- EC tion by gently shaking the wiring or components as previously explained. Using the wiring diagrams, inspect the wiring for conFE tinuity.Behind the instrument panelAn improperly routed or improperly clamped harness can become pinched during accessory installation. Vehicle vibration can aggravate a harness which is routed along a bracket or near MT a screw.CLUnder seating areasATAn unclamped or loose harness can cause wiring to be pinched by seat components (such as slide guides) during vehicle vibration. If the wiring runs under seating areas, inspect wire routing FA for possible damage or pinching.HEAT SENSITIVERAThe owner's problem may occur during hot weather or after car has sat for a short time. In such cases, you will want to check BR for a heat sensitive condition. To determine if an electrical component is heat sensitive, heat ST the component with a heat gun or equivalent. Do not heat components above 60°C (140°F). If incident occurs while heating the unit, either replace or properly insulate RS the component.SGI842FREEZINGBTSGI843The customer may indicate the incident goes away after the car warms up (winter time). The cause could be related to water HA freezing somewhere in the wiring/electrical system. There are two methods to check for this. The first is to arrange for the owner to leave the car overnight. Make sure it will get EL cold enough to demonstrate the complaint. Leave the car parked outside overnight. In the morning, do a quick and thorough diagnosis of those electrical components which could be IDX affected. The second method is to put the suspect component into a freezer long enough for any water to freeze. Reinstall the part into the car and check for the reoccurrence of the incident. If it occurs, repair or replace the component.GI-25HOW TO PERFORM EFFICIENT DIAGNOSIS FOR AN ELECTRICAL INCIDENT Incident Simulation Tests (Cont'd)WATER INTRUSIONThe incident may occur only during high humidity or in rainy/ snowy weather. In such cases, the incident could be caused by water intrusion on an electrical part. This can be simulated by soaking the car or running it through a car wash. Do not spray water directly on any electrical components.SGI844ELECTRICAL LOADThe incident may be electrical load sensitive. Perform diagnosis with all accessories (including A/C, rear window defogger, radio, fog lamps) turned on.COLD OR HOT START UPOn some occasions, an electrical incident may occur only when the car is started cold. Or it may occur when the car is restarted hot shortly after being turned off. In these cases you may have to keep the car overnight to make a proper diagnosis.SGI845Circuit InspectionINTRODUCTIONIn general, testing electrical circuits is an easy task if approached logically. Before beginning, it is important to have all available information on the system to be tested. Also, get a thorough understanding of system operation. Then you will be able to use the appropriate equipment and follow the correct test procedure. You may have to simulate vehicle vibrations while testing electrical components. Gently shake the wiring harness or electrical component to do this. OPEN SHORT A circuit is open when there is no continuity through a section of the circuit. There are two types of shorts.qSHORT CIRCUIT SHORT TO GROUNDWhen a circuit contacts another circuit and causes the normal resistance to change. When a circuit contacts a ground source and grounds the circuit.qNOTE: Refer to ``HOW TO CHECK TERMINAL'' in GI-20 to probe or check terminal.GI-26HOW TO PERFORM EFFICIENT DIAGNOSIS FOR AN ELECTRICAL INCIDENT Circuit Inspection (Cont'd)TESTING FOR ``OPENS'' IN THE CIRCUITBefore you begin to diagnose and test the system, you should rough sketch a schematic of the system. This will help you to logically walk through the diagnosis process. Drawing the sketch will also reinforce GI your working knowledge of the system.MA EM LCAGI083ECContinuity check methodThe continuity check is used to find an open in the circuit. The Digital Multimeter (DMM) set on the resis- FE tance function will indicate an open circuit as over limit (no beep tone or no ohms symbol). Make sure no power is supplied to the checked component. Always start with the DMM at the highest resistance CL level. To help in understanding the diagnosis of open circuits, please refer to the schematic above. Disconnect the battery negative cable. Start at one end of the circuit and work your way to the other end (At the fuse block in this example). Connect one probe of the DMM to the fuse block terminal on the load side. Connect the other probe to the fuse block (power) side of SW1. Little or no resistance will indicate that portion of the circuit has good continuity. If there was an open in the circuit, the DMM would indicate an over limit or infinite resistance condition (point A). 5. Connect the probes between SW1 and the relay. Little or no resistance will indicate that portion of the circuit has good continuity. If there was an open in the circuit, the DMM would indicate an over limit or infinite resistance condition (point B). 6. Connect the probes between the relay and the solenoid. Little or no resistance will indicate that portion of the circuit has good continuity. If there were an open in the circuit, the DMM would indicate an over limit or infinite resistance condition (point C). Any circuit can be diagnosed using the approach in the above example. 1. 2. 3. 4.MT AT FA RA BR STVoltage check methodTo help in understanding the diagnosis of open circuits, please refer to the previous schematic. In any powered circuit, an open can be found by methodically checking the system for voltage. This is RS done by switching the DMM to the voltage function. 1. Connect one probe of the DMM to a known good ground. 2. Begin probing at one end of the circuit and work your way to the other end. BT 3. With SW1 open, probe at SW1 to check for voltage. Voltage: open is further down the circuit than SW1. No voltage: open is between fuse block and SW1 (point A). HA 4. Close SW1 and probe at relay. Voltage: open is further down the circuit than the relay. No voltage: open is between SW1 and relay (point B). EL 5. Close the relay and probe at the solenoid. Voltage: open is further down the circuit than the solenoid. No voltage: open is between relay and solenoid (point C). IDX Any powered circuit can be diagnosed using the approach in the above example.GI-27HOW TO PERFORM EFFICIENT DIAGNOSIS FOR AN ELECTRICAL INCIDENT Circuit Inspection (Cont'd)TESTING FOR ``SHORTS'' IN THE CIRCUITTo simplify the discussion of shorts in the system, please refer to the schematic below.AGI084Resistance check method1. Disconnect the battery negative cable and remove the blown fuse. 2. Disconnect all loads (SW1 open, relay disconnected and solenoid disconnected) powered through the fuse. 3. Connect one probe of the ohmmeter to the load side of the fuse terminal. Connect the other probe to a known good ground. 4. With SW1 open, check for continuity. Continuity: short is between fuse terminal and SW1 (point A). No continuity: short is further down the circuit than SW1. 5. Close SW1 and disconnect the relay. Put probes at the load side of fuse terminal and a known good ground. Then, check for continuity. Continuity: short is between SW1 and the relay (point B). No continuity: short is further down the circuit than the relay. 6. Close SW1 and jump the relay contacts with jumper wire. Put probes at the load side of fuse terminal and a known good ground. Then, check for continuity. Continuity: short is between relay and solenoid (point C). No continuity: check solenoid, retrace steps.Voltage check method1. Remove the blown fuse and disconnect all loads (i.e., SW1 open, relay disconnected and solenoid disconnected) powered through the fuse. 2. Turn the ignition key to the ON or START position. Verify battery voltage at the battery + side of the fuse terminal (one lead on the battery + terminal side of the fuse block and one lead on a known good ground). 3. With SW1 open and the DMM leads across both fuse terminals, check for voltage. Voltage: short is between fuse block and SW1 (point A). No voltage: short is further down the circuit than SW1. 4. With SW1 closed, relay and solenoid disconnected and the DMM leads across both fuse terminals, check for voltage. Voltage: short is between SW1 and the relay (point B). No voltage: short is further down the circuit than the relay. 5. With SW1 closed, relay contacts jumped with fused jumper wire check for voltage. Voltage: short is down the circuit of the relay or between the relay and the disconnected solenoid (point C). No voltage: retrace steps and check power to fuse block.GI-28HOW TO PERFORM EFFICIENT DIAGNOSIS FOR AN ELECTRICAL INCIDENT Circuit Inspection (Cont'd)GROUND INSPECTIONGround connections are very important to the proper operation of electrical and electronic circuits. Ground connections are often exposed to moisture, dirt and other corrosive elements. The corrosion (rust) can become an unwanted resistance. This unwanted resistance can change the way a circuit works. Electronically controlled circuits are very sensitive to proper grounding. A loose or corroded ground can drastically affect an electronically controlled circuit. A poor or corroded ground can easily affect the circuit. Even when the ground connection looks clean, there can be a thin film of rust on the surface. When inspecting a ground connection follow these rules: 1. Remove the ground bolt screw or clip. 2. Inspect all mating surfaces for tarnish, dirt, rust, etc. 3. Clean as required to assure good contact. 4. Reinstall bolt or screw securely. 5. Inspect for ``add-on'' accessories which may be interfering with the ground circuit. 6. If several wires are crimped into one ground eyelet terminal, check for proper crimps. Make sure all of the wires are clean, securely fastened and providing a good ground path. If multiple wires are cased in one eyelet, make sure no ground wires have excess wire insulation. For detailed ground distribution information, refer to ``GROUND DISTRIBUTION'', in EL-20 section.GI MA EM LC EC FE CL MT AT FA RA BRSGI853ST RS BT HA EL IDXGI-29HOW TO PERFORM EFFICIENT DIAGNOSIS FOR AN ELECTRICAL INCIDENT Circuit Inspection (Cont'd)VOLTAGE DROP TESTSVoltage drop tests are often used to find components or circuits which have excessive resistance. A voltage drop in a circuit is caused by a resistance when the circuit is in operation. Check the wire in the illustration. When measuring resistance with ohmmeter, contact by a single strand of wire will give reading of 0 ohms. This would indicate a good circuit. When the circuit operates, this single strand of wire is not able to carry the current. The single strand will have a high resistance to the current. This will be picked up as a slight voltage drop. Unwanted resistance can be caused by many situations: Undersized wiring (single strand example) Corrosion on switch contacts Loose wire connections or splices. If repairs are needed always use wire that is of the same or larger gauge.Measuring voltage drop -- Accumulated method1. Connect the voltmeter across the connector or part of the circuit you want to check. The positive lead of the voltmeter should be closer to power and the negative lead closer to ground. 2. Operate the circuit. 3. The voltmeter will indicate how many volts are being used to ``push'' current through that part of the circuit. Note in the illustration that there is an excessive 4.1 volt drop between the battery and the bulb.AGI069GI-30HOW TO PERFORM EFFICIENT DIAGNOSIS FOR AN ELECTRICAL INCIDENT Circuit Inspection (Cont'd)Measuring voltage drop -- Step by stepThe step by step method is most useful for isolating excessive drops in low voltage systems (such as those in ``Computer Controlled Systems''). GI Circuits in the ``Computer Controlled System'' operate on very low amperage. The (Computer Controlled) system operations can be adversely affected by any variation in resistance in the system. Such resistance variation may be caused by poor connection, improper installation, improper MA wire gauge or corrosion. The step by step voltage drop test can identify a component or wire with too much resistance.EM LC EC FE CL MT ATAGI055FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXGI-31HOW TO PERFORM EFFICIENT DIAGNOSIS FOR AN ELECTRICAL INCIDENT Circuit Inspection (Cont'd)CONTROL UNIT CIRCUIT TESTSystem Description: When the switch is ON, the control unit lights up the lamp.AGI059GI-32HOW TO FOLLOW FLOW CHART IN TROUBLE DIAGNOSESThe flow chart indicates work procedures required to diagnose problems effectively. Observe the following instructions before diagnosing. 1) Use the flow chart after locating probable causes of a problem following the ``Preliminary Check'', the ``Symptom Chart'' or the ``Work Flow''. 2) After repairs, re-check that the problem has been completely eliminated. 3) Refer to Component Parts and Harness Connector Location for the Systems described in each section for identification/location of components and harness connectors. 4) Refer to the Circuit Diagram for quick pinpoint check. If you must check circuit continuity between harness connectors in more detail, such as when a sub-harness is used, refer to Wiring Diagram and Harness Layout in EL-269 section for identification of harness connectors. 5) When checking circuit continuity, ignition switch should be OFF. 6) Before checking voltage at connectors, check battery voltage. 7) After accomplishing the Diagnostic Procedures and Electrical Components Inspection, make sure that all harness connectors are reconnected properly. ExampleGI MA EM LC EC FE CL MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXWGI003GI-33HOW TO FOLLOW FLOW CHART IN TROUBLE DIAGNOSES How To Follow This Flow ChartWork and diagnostic procedureStart to diagnose a problem using procedures indicated in enclosed blocks, as shown in the following example.CHECK POWER SUPPLY. 1. Stop engine. 2. Disconnect IACV-FICD solenoid valve harness connector. 3. Start engine, then turn air conditioner switch and blower fan ``ON''. 4. Check voltage between terminal 1 and ground with CONSULT-II or tester. Voltage: Battery voltageCheck item being performed.Procedure, steps or measurement resultsMeasurement resultsRequired results are indicated in bold type in the corresponding block, as shown below. These have the following meanings: Battery voltage 11 - 14V or approximately 12V Voltage: Approximately 0V Less than 1V Resistance: Continuity should exist Approximately 0Cross reference of work symbols in the text and illustrationsIllustrations are provided as visual aids for work procedures. indicated in the left upper portion For example, symbol of each illustration corresponds with the symbol in the flowchart for easy identification. More precisely, the procedure under the ``CHECK POWER SUPPLY'' outlined previously is indicated by an illustration .Symbols used in illustrationsSymbols included in illustrations refer to measurements or procedures. Before diagnosing a problem, familiarize yourself with each symbol. For symbols, refer to ``CONNECTOR SYMBOLS'', GI-15 and ``Key to symbols signifying measurements or procedures'' GI-35.DIRECTION MARK Refer to ``CONNECTOR SYMBOLS'' on GI-15.GI-34HOW TO FOLLOW FLOW CHART IN TROUBLE DIAGNOSESKey to symbols signifying measurements or proceduresSymbol Symbol explanation Check after disconnecting the connector to be measured. Check after connecting the connector to be measured. Insert key into ignition switch. Remove key from ignition switch. Turn ignition switch to ``OFF'' position. Turn ignition switch to ``ON'' position. Turn ignition switch to ``START'' position. Turn ignition switch from ``OFF'' to ``ACC'' position. Turn ignition switch from ``ACC'' to ``OFF'' position. Turn ignition switch from ``OFF'' to ``ON'' position. Turn ignition switch from ``ON'' to ``OFF'' position. Do not start engine, check with engine stopped. Symbol Symbol explanation Procedure with Generic Scan Tool (GST, OBD-II scan tool). Procedure without CONSULT-II or GST.GI MAA/C switch is ``OFF''. A/C switch is ``ON''. REC switch is ``ON''. REC switch is ``OFF''. DEF switch is ``ON''.EM LC EC FEVENT switch is ``ON''. Fan switch is ``ON''. (At any position except for ``OFF'' position) Fan switch is ``OFF''. Apply positive voltage from battery with fuse directly to components.CL MT AT FADrive vehicle.RAStart engine, check with engine running. Disconnect battery negative cable.BRApply parking brake. Depress brake pedal.Release parking brake. Check after engine is warmed up sufficiently. Voltage should be measured with a voltmeter. Circuit resistance should be measured with an ohmmeter. Current should be measured with an ammeter. Procedure with CONSULT-II. Procedure without CONSULT-II.Release brake pedal.ST RS BT HA EL IDXDepress accelerator pedal. Release accelerator pedal. Pin terminal check for SMJ type ECM and TCM connectors. For details regarding the terminal arrangement, refer to the foldout page.GI-35CONSULT-II CHECKING SYSTEM Function and System ApplicationDiagnostic test mode Work support Self-diagnostic results Trouble diagnostic record ECU discriminated No. Data monitor DTC work support Function This mode enables a technician to adjust some devices faster and more accurate by following the indications on CONSULT-II. Self-diagnostic results can be read and erased quickly. Current self-diagnostic results and all trouble diagnostic records previously stored can be read. Classification number of a replacement ECU can be read to prevent an incorrect ECU from being installed. Input/Output data in the ECM can be read. This mode enables a technician to set operating conditions to confirm self-diagnosis status/result. Diagnostic Test Mode in which CONSULT-II drives some actuators apart from the ECMs and also shifts some parameters in a specified range. ECM part number can be read. All registered ignition key IDs in NATS components can be initialized and new IDs can be registered. ECM checks its own NATS communication interface. The results of SRT (System Readiness Test) and the self-diagnosis status/results can be confirmed. ENGINE x x -- A/T -- x -- ABS -- x -- AIR BAG -- x x NVIS (NATS)* -- x ---- x ---- x x-- x --x -- ---- -- --Active test ECM part number Control unit initialization Self-function check DTC confirmationx x -- -- x-- x -- -- --x x -- -- ---- -- -- -- ---- -- x x --x: Applicable *: NVIS (NATS) [Nissan Vehicle Immobilizer System (Nissan Anti-Theft System)]Nickel Metal Hydride Battery ReplacementCONSULT-II contains a nickel metal hydride battery. When replacing the battery obey the following: WARNING: Replace the nickel metal hydride battery with Genuine CONSULT-II battery only. Use of another battery may present a risk of fire or explosion. The battery may present a fire or chemical burn hazard if mistreated. Do not recharge, disassemble or dispose of in fire. Keep the battery out of reach of children and discard used battery conforming to the local regulations.GI-36CONSULT-II CHECKING SYSTEM Checking EquipmentWhen ordering the below equipment, contact your NISSAN distributor.GITool name NISSAN CONSULT-II 1 CONSULT-II unit and accessories 2 Program card AED99A and UEN99A (For NVIS) DescriptionMA EM LC ECSGI083AFE CL MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXNOTE: q The CONSULT-II must be used in conjunction with a program card. CONSULT-II does not require loading (Initialization) procedure. q Be sure the CONSULT-II is turned off before installing or removing a program card.GI-37CONSULT-II CHECKING SYSTEM CONSULT-II Data Link Connector (DLC) CircuitLGI012INSPECTION PROCEDUREIf the CONSULT-II cannot diagnose the system properly, check the following items.Symptom CONSULT-II cannot access any system.qCheck item CONSULT-II DLC power supply circuit (Terminal 9) and ground circuit (Terminal 12) (For detailed circuit, refer to ``MIL & Data Link Connectors Wiring Diagram'' in EC-476 section.) q CONSULT-II DDL cableq CONSULT-II program card (Check the appropriate CONSULT-II program card for the system. CONSULT-II cannot access Refer to GI-37.) individual system. (Other sysq Power supply and ground circuit for the control unit of the system tems can be accessed.) (For detailed circuit, refer to wiring diagram for each system.) q Open or short circuit between the system and CONSULT-II DLC (For detailed circuit, refer to wiring diagram for each system.)GI-38IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION Model VariationDestination Body Engine Grade XE Non-California, USA GLE SE GXE XE California, USA Sedan KA24DE GLE SE GXE XE Canada GLE SE GXE Transaxle RS5F50A BBGALHF-EUA -- BBGALYF-EUA BBGALBF-EUA BBGALHF-EVA -- BBGALYF-EVA BBGALBF-EVA BBGALHF-ENA -- BBGALYF-ENA BBGALBF-ENA RE4F04A BBGALHA-EUA BBGALJA-EUA BBGALYA-EUA BBGALBA-EUA BBGALHA-EVA BBGALJA-EVA BBGALYA-EVA BBGALBA-EVA BBGALHA-ENA BBGALJA-ENA BBGALYA-ENA BBGALBA-ENAGI MA EM LC EC FE CLPrefix and suffix designations:B BG A L H F L30 E V AMT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXA : No meaning U : Non-California, USA V : California, USA N : Canada E : Multiport fuel injection system engine F : 5-speed manual transaxle A : 4-speed automatic transaxle H : XE J : GLE Y : SE B : GXE L : LH drive A : 2-wheel drive model BG : KA24DE engine B : 4-door sedanGI-39IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION Identification NumberWGI006VEHICLE IDENTIFICATION NUMBER ARRANGEMENT1N4 D L 0 1 D * Y C 100001 Vehicle serial number (Chassis number) Manufacturing plant C : Smyrna, Tennessee Model year Y: 2000 year model Check digit (0 to 9 or X) (The code for the check digit is determined by mathematical computation.) Restraint system A : Driver and front passenger SRS air bags, SRS side air bags & 3-point manual seat belts D : Driver and passenger SRS air bags & 3-point manual seatbelts Body type 1 : 4-door sedan Model change Vehicle line L : Nissan, ALTIMA Engine type D : KA24DE engine Manufacturer 1N4 : USA produced passenger vehicleGI-40IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION Identification Number (Cont'd)ENGINE SERIAL NUMBER GI MA EM LC ECSGI734FE MANUAL TRANSAXLE NUMBER AUTOMATIC TRANSAXLE NUMBER CL MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXSGI334AGI072GI-41IDENTIFICATION INFORMATION DimensionsUnit: mm (in)Overall length Overall width Overall height Front tread Rear tread Wheelbase 4,717 1,754 1,420 1,505 1,495 2,620 (185.7) (69.1) (55.9) (59.3) (58.9) (103.1)Wheels and TiresConventional Road wheel Steel Aluminum Offset Tire size mm (in) 15 x 6JJ 16 x 6JJ 45 (1.77) P205/55R16 P205/60R15 P195/65R15 15 x 4T 15 x 4T 40 (1.57) T125/70D15 T typeGI-42LIFTING POINTS AND TOW TRUCK TOWING PreparationSPECIAL SERVICE TOOLSThe actual shapes of Kent-Moore tools may differ from those of special service tools illustrated here.Tool number (Kent-Moore number) Tool name LM4086-0200 ( -- ) Board on attachmentGI MA EM LCDescriptionNT001EC FE CL MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXLM4519-0000 ( -- ) Safety stand attachmentNT002GI-43LIFTING POINTS AND TOW TRUCK TOWING Board-on LiftCAUTION: Make sure vehicle is empty when lifting. q The board-on lift attachment (LM4086-0200) set at the front end of vehicle should be set on the front of the sill under the front door opening. q Position attachments at front and rear ends of board-on lift.AGI016Garage Jack and Safety StandWARNING: q Never get under the vehicle while it is supported only by the jack. Always use safety stands when you have to get under the vehicle. q Place wheel chocks at both front and back of the wheels on the ground.SGI737GI-44LIFTING POINTS AND TOW TRUCK TOWING 2-pole LiftWARNING: When lifting the vehicle, open the lift arms as wide as pos- GI sible and ensure that the front and rear of the vehicle are well balanced. When setting the lift arm, do not allow the arm to contact MA the brake tubes, fuel lines and sill spoiler.EM LC EC FE CL MT AT FA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXSGI738Tow Truck TowingCAUTION: q All applicable State or Provincial (in Canada) laws and local laws regarding the towing operation must be obeyed. q It is necessary to use proper towing equipment to avoid possible damage to the vehicle during towing operation. Towing is in accordance with Towing Procedure Manual at dealer. q Always attach safety chains before towing. q When towing, make sure that the transmission, steering system and power train are in good order. If any unit is damaged, dollies must be used.GI-45LIFTING POINTS AND TOW TRUCK TOWING Tow Truck Towing (Cont'd)qqNever tow an automatic transaxle model with the rear wheels raised and the front wheels on the ground. This may cause serious and expensive damage to the transaxle. If it is necessary to tow the vehicle with the rear wheels raised, always use towing dollies under the front wheels. Never tow an automatic transaxle model from the rear (that is backward) with four wheels on the ground. This may cause serious and expensive damage to the transaxle.SGI987GI-46LIFTING POINTS AND TOW TRUCK TOWING Tow Truck Towing (Cont'd)NISSAN recommends that the vehicle be towed with the driving (front) wheels off the ground as illustrated. CAUTION: q Always release the parking brake when towing the vehicle with the front wheels raised with the rear wheels on the ground. q When towing manual transaxle models with the front wheels on the ground (If a towing dollies is not being used), turn the ignition key to the OFF position, and secure the steering wheel in the straight-ahead position with a rope or similar device. Never place the ignition key in the LOCK position. This will result in damage to the steering lock mechanism. Move the shift lever to the N (Neutral) position.GI MA EM LC ECVEHICLE RECOVERY (Freeing a stuck vehicle)q qq SGI986qTow chains or cables must be attached only to the main FE structural members of the vehicle. Pulling devices should be routed so they do not touch any part of the suspension, steering, brake or cooling CL systems. Always pull the cable straight out from the front or rear of the vehicle. Never pull the vehicle at a sideways MT angle. Pulling devices such as ropes or canvas straps are not recommended for use for vehicle towing or recovery.ATFA RA BR ST RS BT HA EL IDXGI-47TIGHTENING TORQUE OF STANDARD BOLTSBolt diameter* mm 6.0 8.0 1.0 1.5 4T M10 10.0 1.25 1.75 M12 M14 M6 M8 12.0 1.25 14.0 6.0 8.0 1.0 1.5 7T M10 10.0 1.25 1.75 M12 M14 M6 M8 12.0 1.25 14.0 6.0 8.0 1.0 1.5 9T M10 10.0 1.25 1.75 M12 M14 12.0 1.25 14.0 1.5 108 177 11.0 18.0 80 130 -- -- 137 206 14.0 21.0 101 152 -- -- 62 98 6.3 10.0 46 72 -- -- 74 118 7.5 12.0 54 87 -- -- 31 59 3.2 6.0 23 43 -- -- 37 70 3.8 7.1 27 51 -- -- 1.5 1.0 1.25 77 127 12 29 7.9 13.0 1.2 3.0 57 94 9 22 -- -- -- -- 92 147 15 35 9.4 15.0 1.5 3.6 68 108 11 26 -- -- -- -- 43 71 4.4 7.2 32 52 -- -- 51 84 5.2 8.6 38 62 -- -- 22 41 2.2 4.2 16 30 -- -- 26 48 2.7 4.9 20 35 -- -- 1.5 1.0 1.25 46 74 8.4 21 4.7 7.5 0.86 2.1 34 54 6.2 15 -- -- 74.6 -- 56 88 10 25 5.7 9.0 1.0 2.5 41 65 7 18 -- -- 87 -- 25 42 2.6 4.3 19 31 -- -- 30 51 3.1 5.2 22 38 -- -- 13 25 1.3 2.5 9 18 -- -- 16 29 1.6 3.0 12 22 -- -- Tightening torque (Without lubricant) Pitch mm Nm 1.0 1.25 M8 5.1 13 Hexagon head bolt kg-m 0.52 1.3 ft-lb 3.8 9 in-lb 45.1 -- Nm 6.1 15 Hexagon flange bolt kg-m 0.62 1.5 ft-lb 4.5 11 in-lb 53.8 --GradeBolt sizeM61. Special parts are excluded. 2. This standard is applicable to bolts having the following marks embossed on the bolt head.Grade 4T 7T 9T ................. ................. ................. Mark 4 7 9 M*: Nominal diameter6 Nominal diameter of bolt threads (Unit: mm)Metric screw threadsGI-48SAE J1930 TERMINOLOGY LIST SAE J1930 Terminology ListAll emission related terms used in this publication in accordance with SAE J1930 are listed. Accordingly, new terms, new acronyms/abbreviations and old terms are listed in the following chart. GI***: Not applicableNEW TERM Air cleaner Barometric pressure Barometric pressure sensor-BCDD Camshaft position Camshaft position sensor Carburetor Charge air cooler Closed loop Closed throttle position switch Clutch pedal position switch Continuous fuel injection system Continuous trap oxidizer system Crankshaft position Crankshaft position sensor Data link connector Data link connector for CONSULT-II Diagnostic test mode Diagnostic test mode selector Diagnost